Canada is known as the most ideal country to obtain a permanent residence visa, in view of its soft immigration policies, its high employment rate and the perfect configuration to raise a family.
There are different programs for migrating to Canada which offers permanent residence visas to skilled workers and highly qualified professionals around the world. Some of the main programs are Express Entry System, Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP), Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP), etc.
However, most of these programs follow an immigration system based on points and, therefore, their selection for the PR visa depends on the total points obtained according to their education, age, language skills, work experience, etc. factors.
If you wish to confirm your eligibility for any of the Canadian Immigration Programs, ie, Express Entry, FSW, QSWP, PNP, etc.,
WHAT IS THE PR CARD (PERMANENT RESIDENT)?
Permanent residents of Canada receive the Permanent Resident Card (PR Card) as proof that they are Permanent Residents of Canada (in case the card holder travels outside of Canada). The cardholder would require the PR card if they re-enter Canada after leaving it once.
BENEFITS OF PERMANENT RESIDENT?
- You can live, study or work anywhere in Canada.
- You can apply for Canadian citizenship
- You can get medical care and most of the other social benefits a Canadian citizen receives.
- It is protected by Canadian law and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms of Canada
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT PR VISA CATEGORIES?
There are different programs or categories available, according to which you can apply for a permanent residence visa, that is:
Express Entry, (Skilled Immigrants)
EXPRESS ENTRY PROGRAM
Express entry is an online system used by immigration, refugees and citizenship Canada (IRCC) to manage and process applications for skilled workers who want to become permanent residents of Canada through 3 of Canada’s federal economic immigration programs for skilled workers.
* The federal skilled worker class (FSWC)
* The Canadian experience class (CEC)
* The federal skilled trade class (FSTC)
It is a competitive immigration system, ranking all eligible candidates against one another basis their age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and other factors and then inviting the high ranking candidates to apply for Canadian permanent residence through regular draws.
To be eligible under the express entry program, the applicant must fulfill the following requirements:
- Minimum of one year continuous work experience in the last 10 years in the skill level O,A or B under the national occupational classification (NOC) .
- Should exceed to meet the minimum language level that is Canadian language benchmark clb as per the program requirement.
- Hold a Canadian education degree or equivalent to highschool or a foreign educational credential along with an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report must be provided from the designated agency.
Candidates are given a score to determine their place in the express entry pool using a comprehensive ranking system CRS score.
The profile will get points based on:
- Educational level
- Abilities in English or French
- Work experience and skills
- If you have a job offer in Canada
- Spouse education, language abilities, work experience and combination of all above factors.
Note: Additional points are also awarded if you have completed a college or university program in Canada or if you have a provincial nomination.
PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM
Provincial nominee program aligned with express entry with an aim to attract highly skilled immigrants and deal with labour market needs, meaning Canada’s provinces and territories have provincial nominee immigration streams linked to federal express entry.
While a nomination from one of Canada’s provinces is not necessary to enter the express entry pool or receive an ITA, it can increase an applicant’s CRS score by 600 points, eventually enabling him/her to receive an ITA (Invitation to apply) quickly.
There have been a number of active express entry aligned PNP streams that are quite popular and can open, fill or change without notice.
Saskatchewan: International skilled worker Saskatchewan express entry
Ontario: Ontario express entry human capital priorities stream
Alberta: the Alberta immigrant nominee program express entry stream AINP
The New Brunswick: the express entry labour market stream
Prince Edward Island: PNP express entry
Newfoundland and Labrador; the Newfoundland express entry skilled worker stream
British Columbia: express entry British Columbia skilled worker
Manitoba: MPNP federal express entry pathway Manitoba immigrant nominee program
Nova Scotia: Nova Scotia demand
Northwest territories: Northwest territories nominee program NTNP
YUKON: Yukon nominee program YNP
The new system for the Quebec skilled worker program QSWP will replace the current first come for the application process.
The process of applying immigration under the Quebec skilled worker program consists of the following steps:
- Submission of an expression of interest to settle in Quebec an entry into Quebec’s expression of interest bank.
- Successful selection from the Quebec expression of interest Bank results in an invitation to apply for the QSWP.
- Submission of an application for Quebec selection certificate to the MIDI.
- Submission of a Canadian permanent residence application to the federal government.
After submitting an impression of interest to MIDI, candidates will be entered into the Quebec expression of interest bank. The candidates confirming the requirements, cut off threshold and passing scores for the program will be considered for selection.
The ranking system is considered as work experience in the United States, making Quebec the only immigration system in Canada that currently considers US work experience during the process of ranking candidates.
Quebec skilled worker program QSWP candidates who submit their profile to the program’s new expression of interest banks will be classified in two groups:
*Group A: candidates with job offers who are living in Quebec meeting specific criteria.
*Group B: candidates living outside of Quebec
RNIP is the best way to get settled in in small and remote communities of Canada.
Rural and northern immigration pilot program is a community driven program designed by the government of Canada to promote economic immigration to small and remote communities in Ontario, Western Canada and the three territories by creating a pathway towards permanent residence for skilled foreign workers.
The community driven rural and northern pilot built on the success of the Atlantic immigration pilot program (AIPP), and is designed to facilitate permanent residence for foreign workers of various skill levels in eligible communities in the province and territories.
Rural and northern immigration pilot- participating communities:
- North bay, Ontario
- Sudbury, Ontario
- Timmins , Ontario
- Sault Saint Marie, Ontario
- Thunder bay, Ontario
- Brandon, Manitoba
- Attowa/Rhineland, manitoba
- Moose jaw, Saskatchewan
- Claresholm, Alberta
- Vernon, British Columbia
- Best Kootenay , British Columbia
In order to be eligible for the rural and northern immigration pilot program, RNIP, potential candidates need to meet all IRCC eligibility requirements as well as requirements established by the participating community. The candidate must:
- Have a recommendation from one of the designated communities.
- Have one year of qualifying work experience in the past three years (a minimum of 1560 hours)or have graduated from a publicly funded post-secondary institution in the recommending community.
- Have a genuine job offer to work in one of the designated communities. The wage must meet the minimum wage listed for the NOC in the Canada Job Bank and the candidate’s previous experience must demonstrate that they can perform the duties of the job offered.
- Meet or exceed the educational requirements. A Canadian high school diploma or the foreign equivalent with an educational credential assessment ECA report from a designated organisation.
- Meet or exceed the language threshold for the NOC skill type/level of the job being offered. The minimum requirements for the each NOC skill type are as follows:
-NOC O and A minimum language score of a clb 6 is required
-NOC B minimum language score of a clb 5 is required
-NOC C and D minimum language score of a clb 4 is required.
- Intent to live in the community
- Prove that he / she has sufficient funds to support their and their families’ transition into the community.